Excerpt: “The human pancreas is a target of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Following SARS-CoV-2 infections, reduced numbers of insulin secretory granules in beta cells and impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion have been observed. SARS-CoV-2 may damage beta cells by triggering proinflammatory cytokines. Proinflammatory pathways leading to chronic low-grade inflammation in adipose tissue play an important role in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Consequently, new-onset hyperglycaemia and insulin resistance have been reported in patients with coronavirus disease-2019 (Covid-19) without history of diabetes. However, it is unclear whether such metabolic alterations are transient or whether individuals with Covid-19 have an increased future risk of persisting diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate diabetes incidence after Covid-19 in individuals with mostly mild disease treated in primary care. Individuals with acute upper respiratory tract infections (AURI), which are also frequently caused by viruses (e.g. rhinoviruses), were selected as a non-exposed control group. …”

Rathmann, W., Kuss, O. & Kostev, K. Incidence of newly diagnosed diabetes after Covid-19. Diabetologia(2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-022-05670-0


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